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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 12, Number 3, March 2017 , pages 361-397
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/gae.2017.12.3.361
 


Characteristics and prediction methods for tunnel deformations induced by excavations
Gang Zheng, Yiming Du, Xuesong Cheng, Yu Diao, Xu Deng and Fanjun Wang

 
Abstract
    The unloading effect from excavations can cause the deformation of adjacent tunnels, which may seriously influence the operation and safety of those tunnels. However, systematic studies of the deformation characteristics of tunnels located along side excavations are limited, and simplified methods to predict the influence of excavations on tunnels are also rare. In this study, the simulation capability of a finite element method (FEM) considering the small-strain characteristics of soil was verified using a case study. Then, a large number of FEM simulations examining the influence of excavations on adjacent tunnels were conducted. Based on the simulation results, the deformation characteristics of tunnels at different positions and under four deformation modes of the retaining structure were analyzed. The results indicate that the deformation mode of the retaining structure has a significant influence on the deformation of certain tunnels. When the deformation magnitudes of the retaining structures are the same, the influence degree of the excavation on the tunnel increased in this order: from cantilever type to convex type to composite type to kick-in type. In practical projects, the deformation mode of the retaining structure should be optimized according to the tunnel position, and kick-in deformation should be avoided. Furthermore, two methods to predict the influence of excavations on adjacent tunnels are proposed. Design charts, in terms of normalized tunnel deformation contours, can be used to quantitatively estimate the tunnel deformation. The design table of the excavation influence zones can be applied to determine which influence zone the tunnel is located in.
 
Key Words
    deep excavation; tunnel; influence zone; deformation mode; prediction method
 
Address
(1) MOE Key Laboratory of Coast Civil Structure Safety, Tianjin University, 92 Weijin Rd., Nankai District, Tianjin 300072, China;
(2) Department of Civil Engineering, Tianjin University, 92 Weijin Rd., Nankai District, Tianjin 300072, China.
 

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