8. Additionally, the addition of 2% nano-SiO2 increases the unconfined compressive strength of soft subgrade soil treated with SSA/lime mixture by approximately 17 kPa. However, the swelling of the treated soil increased by approximately 0.1% after the addition of nano-SiO2 and lime. Thus, soil swelling should be considered before lime and nano-SiO2 are applied to soft subgrade soil. "/>
Techno Press
You logged in as Techno Press

Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 10, Number 6, June 2016 , pages 793-806
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/gae.2016.10.6.793
 


Study properties of soft subgrade soil stabilized by sewage sludge/lime and nano-SiO2
Deng-Fong Lin, Huan-Lin Luo, Chien-Ta Chen and Ming-Du Cai

 
Abstract
    The pozzolanic characteristics of a sludge incinerated into ash were determined in this study. Lime is commonly used as a stabilizer for the treatment of soils, whereas sewage sludge ash (SSA) is often applied with lime to improve soft subgrade soil. In this study, a cohesive soil categorized as A-4 (low-plasticity clay) by AASHTO classifications was mixed with SSA/lime with a 3:1 ratio. Nano-SiO2 was also added to the soil. To identify changes in the workability, strength, permeability, and shear strength of the soft subgrade soil, basic soil tests were conducted, and the microstructure of the treated soil was analyzed. The results indicate that SSA/lime mixtures improve the properties of soft subgrade soil and transform the soil from \"poor subgrade soil\" to \"good to excellent subgrade soil\" with a CBR > 8. Additionally, the addition of 2% nano-SiO2 increases the unconfined compressive strength of soft subgrade soil treated with SSA/lime mixture by approximately 17 kPa. However, the swelling of the treated soil increased by approximately 0.1% after the addition of nano-SiO2 and lime. Thus, soil swelling should be considered before lime and nano-SiO2 are applied to soft subgrade soil.
 
Key Words
    lime; sewage; sludge ash; soft subgrade soil
 
Address
(1) Deng-Fong Lin, Huan-Lin Luo, Ming-Du Cai:
Department of Civil and Ecological Engineering, I-Shou University, No. 1, Sec. 1, Syuecheng Rd., Dashu District, Kaohsiung City 84001, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
(2) Chien-Ta Chen:
Department of Civil Engineering, National Central University, No. 300, Jhongda Rd., Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan, R.O.C.
 

Techno-Press: Publishers of international journals and conference proceedings.       Copyright © 2022 Techno Press
P.O. Box 33, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-600 Korea, Tel: +82-42-828-7996, Fax : +82-42-828-7997, Email: info@techno-press.com