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Advances in Energy Research
  Volume 7, Number 2, June 2020, pages 135-146
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/eri.2020.7.2.135
 
open access

Opportunities and challenges in the development of smart cities in Tanzania
Isaka J. Mwakitalima, Mohammad Rizwan and Narendra Kumar

 
Abstract
    In developing countries especially in African continent, rapid population growth in cities is a major concern. Majority of governments in Africa have made more effort to develop urban areas as compared to the rural ones. Social and economic activities are more concentrated in urban areas. This is a pushing factor for the rapid population growth in cities as many people, especially young generation, tend to migrate from rural to urban. This growth leads to excessive exploitation of natural resources, environmental degradation and increased pressure on social services. Rapid increased population acts as an encouragement to construct smart cities for achieving needs for present and future generations. Tanzania as one of the developing countries in Africa has taken initiatives in establishing smart cities. The aim of this study therefore, is to examine opportunities and challenges in the development of Smart cities in Tanzania with a case study of Mbeya city. In addition, conceptualization about development of smart cities is proposed to prioritize the planning of smart grid among other smart city infrastructure systems. Conclusively, Mbeya city has a full potential of many strengths and opportunities for successful development as a smart city.
 
Key Words
    smart city; smart grid; smart city infrastructure; SWOT analysis; renewable energy
 
Address
Isaka J. Mwakitalima, Mohammad Rizwan and Narendra Kumar:Department of Electrical Engineering, Delhi Technological University, New Delhi, India
 

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