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Advances in Energy Research
  Volume 4, Number 1, March 2016 , pages 29-45
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/eri.2016.4.1.029
 

Solar tower combined cycle plant with thermal storage: energy and exergy analyses
Soumitra Mukhopadhyay and Sudip Ghosh

 
Abstract
    There has been a growing interest in the recent time for the development of solar power tower plants, which are mainly used for utility scale power generation. Combined heat and power (CHP) is an efficient and clean approach to generate electric power and useful thermal energy from a single heat source. The waste heat from the topping Brayton cycle is utilized in the bottoming HRSG cycle for driving steam turbine and also to produce process steam so that efficiency of the cycle is increased. A thermal storage system is likely to add greater reliability to such plants, providing power even during non-peak sunshine hours. This paper presents a conceptual configuration of a solar power tower combined heat and power plant with a topping air Brayton cycle. A simple downstream Rankine cycle with a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and a process heater have been considered for integration with the solar Brayton cycle. The conventional GT combustion chamber is replaced with a solar receiver. The combined cycle has been analyzed using energy as well as exergy methods for a range of pressure ratio across the GT block. From the thermodynamic analysis, it is found that such an integrated system would give a maximum total power (2.37 MW) at a much lower pressure ratio (5) with an overall efficiency exceeding 27%. The solar receiver and heliostats are the main components responsible for exergy destruction. However, exergetic performance of the components is found to improve at higher pressure ratio of the GT block.
 
Key Words
    brayton cycle; power tower; thermal storage; combined cycle; exergy analysis
 
Address
Soumitra Mukhopadhyay and Sudip Ghosh: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Howrah 711103, West Bengal, India
 

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