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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 9, Number 6, December 2015, pages 1337-1353

Sustainable retrofit design of RC frames evaluated for different seismic demand
Matteo Zerbin and Alessandra Aprile

    Seismic upgrading of existing structures is a technical and social issue aimed at risk reduction. Sustainable design is one of the most important challenges in any structural project. Nowadays, many retrofit strategies are feasible and several traditional and innovative options are available to engineers. Basically, the design strategy can lead to increase structural ductility, strength, or both of them, but also stiffness regulation and supplemental damping are possible strategies to reduce seismic vulnerability. Each design solution has different technical and economical performances. In this paper, four different design solutions are presented for the retrofit of an existing RC frame with poor concrete quality and inadequate reinforcement detailing. The considered solutions are based on FRP wrapping of the existing structural elements or alternatively on new RC shear walls introduction. This paper shows the comparison among the considered design strategies in order to select the suitable solution, which reaches the compromise between the obtained safety level and costs during the life-cycle of the building. Each solution is worked out by considering three different levels of seismic demand. The structural capacity of the considered retrofit solutions is assessed with nonlinear static analysis and the seismic performance is evaluated with the capacity spectrum method.
Key Words
    sustainable strategies for engineering; minimum cost optimization; pushover analysis; capacity spectrum method; existing concrete buildings; seismic retrofit; FRP strengthening; ETS strengthening; shear walls
Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, via Saragat 1, 44122 Ferrara, Ital

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