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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 9, Number 1, July 2015, pages 49-71

Collapse response assessment of low-rise buildings with irregularities in plan
Salar Manie, Abdoreza S. Moghadam and Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany

Abstract     [Full Text]
    The present paper aims at evaluating damage and collapse behavior of low-rise buildings with unidirectional mass irregularities in plan (torsional buildings). In previous earthquake events, such buildings have been exposed to extensive damages and even total collapse in some cases. To investigate the performance and collapse behavior of such buildings from probabilistic points of view, three-dimensional three and six-story reinforced concrete models with unidirectional mass eccentricities ranging from 0% to 30% and designed with modern seismic design code provisions specific to intermediate ductility class were subjected to nonlinear static as well as extensive nonlinear incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) under a set of far-field real ground motions containing 21 two-component records. Performance of each model was then examined by means of calculating conventional seismic design parameters including the response reduction (R), structural overstrength (Ω) and structural ductility (µ) factors, calculation of probability distribution of maximum inter-story drift responses in two orthogonal directions and calculation collapse margin ratio (CMR) as an indicator of performance. Results demonstrate that substantial differences exist between the behavior of regular and irregular buildings in terms of lateral load capacity and collapse margin ratio. Also, results indicate that current seismic design parameters could be non-conservative for buildings with high levels of plan eccentricity and such structures do not meet the target “life safety” performance level based on safety margin against collapse. The adverse effects of plan irregularity on collapse safety of structures are more pronounced as the number of stories increases.
Key Words
    torsional buildings; mass irregularities; damage; collapse; performance-based; IDA
Salar Manie: Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch, Sanandaj, Iran

Abdoreza S. Moghadam and Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany: International Institute of Earthquake Engineering & Seismology (IIEES), Arghavan, North Dibajee St., Farmanieh, Tehran, Iran

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