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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 8, Number 3, March 2015, pages 761-778

Seismic improvement of infilled nonductile RC frames with external mesh reinforcement and plaster composite
Mehmet Kamanli, Hasan H. Korkmaz, Alptug Unal, Fatih S. Balik, Fatih Bahadir and Mustafa T. Cogurcu

    The objective of this paper is to report the result of an experimental program conducted on the strengthening of nonductile RC frames by using external mesh reinforcement and plaster application. The main objective was to test an alternative strengthening technique for reinforced concrete buildings, which could be applied with minimum disturbance to the occupants. Generic specimen is two floors and one bay RC frame in 1/2 scales. The basic aim of tested strengthening techniques is to upgrade strength, ductility and stiffness of the member and/or the structural system. Six specimens, two of which were reference specimens and the remaining four of which had deficient steel detailing and poor concrete quality were strengthened and tested in an experimental program under cyclic loading. The parameters of the experimental study are mesh reinforcement ratio and plaster thickness of the infilled wall. The effects of the mesh reinforced plaster application for strengthening on behavior, strength, stiffness, failure mode and ductility of the specimens were investigated. Premature and unexpected failure mode has been observed at first and second specimens failed due to inadequate plaster thickness. Also third strengthened specimen failed due to inadequate lap splice of the external mesh reinforcement. The last modified specimen behaved satisfactorily with higher ultimate load carrying capacity. Externally reinforced infill wall composites improve seismic behavior by increasing lateral strength, lateral stiffness, and energy dissipation capacity of reinforced concrete buildings, and limit both structural and nonstructural damages caused by earthquakes.
Key Words
    concrete/reinforced concrete; earthquakes; frame-wall system; stiffness degradation; strengthening
Mehmet Kamanli, Hasan H. Korkmaz, Alptug Unal, Mustafa T. Cogurcu: Department of Civil Engineering, Selcuk University Engineering Faculty, Konya, Turkey

Fatih S. Balik, Fatih Bahadir: Department of Civil Engineering, Necmettin Erbakan University Eregli Kemal Akman High School, Konya, Turkey

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