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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 8, Number 2, February 2015 , pages 423-442

Torsional effects in symmetrical steel buckling restrained braced frames: evaluation of seismic design provisions
Jonathan Roy, Robert Tremblay and Pierre Leger

    The effects of accidental eccentricity on the seismic response of four-storey steel buildings laterally stabilized by buckling restrained braced frames are studied. The structures have a square, symmetrical footprint, without inherent eccentricity between the center of lateral resistance (CR) and the center of mass (CM). The position of the bracing bents in the buildings was varied to obtain three different levels of torsional sensitivity: low, intermediate and high. The structures were designed in accordance with the seismic design provisions of the 2010 National Building Code of Canada (NBCC). Three different analysis methods were used to account for accidental eccentricity in design: (1) Equivalent Static Procedure with static in-plane torsional moments assuming a mass eccentricity of 10% of the building dimension (ESP); (2) Response Spectrum Analysis with static torsional moments based on 10% of the building dimension (RSA-10); and (3) Response Spectrum Analysis with the CM being displaced by 5% of the building dimension (RSA-5). Time history analyses were performed under a set of eleven two-component historical records. The analyses showed that the ESP and RSA-10 methods can give appropriate results for all three levels of torsional sensitivity. When using the RSA-5 method, adequate performance was also achieved for the low and intermediate torsional sensitivity cases, but the method led to excessive displacements (5-10% storey drifts), near collapse state, for the highly torsionally sensitive structures. These results support the current provisions of NBCC 2010.
Key Words
    earthquakes; symmetry; buckling restrained braced frames; accidental eccentricity; torsional sensitivity.
Jonathan Roy, Robert Tremblay and Pierre Leger: Department of Civil, Geological and Mining Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, University of Montreal,P.O. Box 6079, Station CV, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3A7, Canada

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