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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 6, Number 5, May 2014, pages 515-537

Combining in-plane and out-of-plane behaviour of masonry infills in the seismic analysis of RC buildings
V. Manfredi and A. Masi

    Current seismic codes (e.g. the NTC08 Italian code and the EC8 European code) adopt a performance-based approach for both the design of new buildings and the assessment of existing ones. Different limit states are considered by verifying structural members as well as non structural elements and facilities which have generally been neglected in practice. The key role of non structural elements on building performance has been shown by recent earthquakes (e.g. L\'Aquila 2009) where, due to the extensive damage suffered by infills, partitions and ceilings, a lot of private and public buildings became unusable with consequent significant socio-economic effects. Furthermore, the collapse of infill panels, particularly in the case of out-of-plane failure, represented a serious source of risk to life safety. This paper puts forward an infill model capable of accounting for the effects arising from prior in-plane damage on the out-of-plane capacity of infill panels. It permits an assessment of the seismic performance of existing RC buildings with reference to both structural and non structural elements, as well as of their mutual interaction. The model is applied to a building type with RC framed structure designed only to vertical loads and representative of typical Italian buildings. The influence of infill on building performance and the role of the out-of-plane response on structural response are also discussed.
Key Words
    RC buildings; seismic assessment; masonry infills; out-of-plane behaviour; in-plane damage; seismic code
V. Manfredi and A. Masi: School of Engineering, University of Basilicata, viale dell\'Ateneo Lucano, 85100 Potenza, Italy

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