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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 4, Number 5, May 2013 , pages 471-487

Base isolated RC building – performance evaluation and numerical model updating using recorded earthquake response
Rupam Jyoti Nath, Sajal Kanti Deb and Anjan Dutta

    Performance of a prototype base isolated building located at Indian Institute of Technology,Guwahati (IITG) has been studied here. Two numbers of three storeyed single bay RCC framed prototype buildings were constructed for experimental purpose at IITG, one supported on conventional isolated footings and the other on a seismic isolation system, consisting of lead plug bearings. Force balance accelerometers and a 12 channel strong motion recorder have been used for recording building response during seismic events. Floor responses from these buildings show amplification for the conventional building while 60 to 70% reduction has been observed for the isolated building. Numerical models of both the buildings have been created in SAP2000 Nonlinear. Infill walls have been modeled as compression struts and have been incorporated into the 3D models using Gap elements. System identification of the recorded data has been carried out using Parametric State Space Modeling (N4SID) and the numerical models have been updated accordingly. The study demonstrates the effectiveness of base isolation systems in controlling seismic response of isolated buildings thereby leading to increased levels of seismic protection. The numerical models calibrated by relatively low level of earthquake shaking provides the starting point for modeling the non-linear response of the building when subjected to strong shaking.
Key Words
    base isolation; lead rubber bearings; numerical models; system identification; N4SID
Rupam Jyoti Nath, Sajal Kanti Deb and Anjan Dutta: Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Guwahati, Pin- 781039, Assam, India

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