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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 2, Number 2, June 2011, pages 189-206

System identification of highway bridges from ambient vibration using subspace stochastic realization theories
Md. Rajab Ali and Takatoshi Okabayashi

    In this study, the subspace stochastic realization theories (SSR model I and SSR model II) have been applied to a real bridge for estimating its dynamic characteristics (natural frequencies, damping constants, and vibration modes) under ambient vibration. A numerical simulation is carried out for an arch-type steel truss bridge using a white noise excitation. The estimates obtained from this simulation are compared with those obtained from the Finite Element (FE) analysis, demonstrating good agreement and clarifying the excellent performance of this method in estimating the structural dynamic characteristics. Subsequently, these methods are applied to the vibration induced by both strong and weak winds as obtained by remote monitoring of the Kabashima bridge (an arch-type steel truss bridge of length 136 m, and situated in Nagasaki city). The results obtained with this experimental data reveal that more accurate estimates are obtained when strong wind vibration data is used. In contrast, the vibration data obtained from weak wind provides accurate estimates at lower frequencies, and inaccurate accuracy for higher modes of vibration that do not get excited by the wind of lower intensity. On the basis of the identified results obtained using both simulated data and monitored data from a real bridge, it is determined that the SSR model II realizes more accurate results than the SSR model I. In general, the approach investigated in this study is found to provide acceptable estimates of the dynamic characteristics of highway bridges as well as for the vibration monitoring of bridges.
Key Words
    structural health monitoring; system identification; ambient vibration; bridge dynamic characteristics; subspace stochastic realization theory.
Md. Rajab Ali: Graduate School of Science and Technology, Nagasaki University1-14, Bunkyo machi, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan
Takatoshi Okabayashi: Dept. of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Nagasaki University1-14, Bunkyo machi, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan

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