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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 18, Number 5, May 2020, pages 543-553
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/eas.2020.18.5.543
 


A new equation based on PGA to provide sufficient separation distance between two irregular buildings in plan
Adel Loghmani, Alireza Mortezaei and Ali Hemmati

 
Abstract
    Past earthquakes experience shows that serious damage or collapse of buildings have dramatically accrued when sufficient separation distance has not been provided between two adjacent structures. The majority of past studies related to the pounding topic indicate that obtaining the gap size between two buildings is able to prevent collision and impact hazards during seismic excitations. Considering minimization of building collisions, some relationships have been suggested to determine the separation distance between adjacent buildings. Commonly, peak lateral displacement, fundamental period and natural damping as well as structural height of two adjacent buildings are numerically considered to determine the critical distance. Hence, the aim of present study is to focus on all mentioned parameters and also utilizing the main characteristic of earthquake record i.e. PGA to examine the lateral displacement of irregular structures close to each other and also estimate the sufficient separation distance between them. Increasing and decreasing the separation distance is inherently caused economical problems due to the land ownership from a legal perspective and pounding hazard as well. Therefore, a new equation is proposed to determine the optimum critical distance. The accuracy of the proposed formula is validated by different models and various earthquake records.
 
Key Words
    Pounding; critical distance; fundamental period; damping; peak displacement
 
Address
Adel Loghmani: Civil Engineering Department, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran
Alireza Mortezaei and Ali Hemmati: Seismic Geotechnical and High Performance Concrete Research Centre, Civil Engineering Department,
Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran
 

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