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Earthquakes and Structures
  Volume 11, Number 4, October 2016, pages 583-607
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/eas.2016.11.4.583
 


Decision-making of alternative pylon shapes of a benchmark cable-stayed bridge using seismic risk assessment
Vahid Akhoondzade-Noghabi and Khosrow Bargi

 
Abstract
    One of the main applications of seismic risk assessment is that an specific design could be selected for a bridge from different alternatives by considering damage losses alongside primary construction costs. Therefore, in this paper, the focus is on selecting the shape of pylon, which is a changeable component in the design of a cable-stayed bridge, as a double criterion decision-making problem. Different shapes of pylons include H, A, Y, and diamond shape, and the two criterion are construction costs and probable earthquake losses. In this research, decision-making is performed by using developed seismic risk assessment process as a powerful method. Considering the existing uncertainties in seismic risk assessment process, the combined incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) and uniform design (UD) based fragility assessment method is proposed, in which the UD method is utilized to provide the logical capacity models of the structure, and the IDA method is employed to give the probabilistic seismic demand model of structure. Using the aforementioned models and by defining damage states, the fragility curves of the bridge system are obtained for the different pylon shapes usage. Finally, by combining the fragility curves with damage losses and implementing the proposed cost-loss-benefit (CLB) method, the seismic risk assessment process is developed with financial-comparative approach. Thus, the optimal shape of the pylon can be determined using double criterion decision-making. The final results of decision-making study indicate that the optimal pylon shapes for the studied span of cable-stayed bridge are, respectively, H shape, diamond shape, Y shape, and A shape.
 
Key Words
    cable-stayed bridge; pylon shape; seismic risk assessment; double criterion decision-making; financial - comparative approach; Cost-Loss-Benefit (CLB) method
 
Address
Vahid Akhoondzade-Noghabi and Khosrow Bargi: School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
 

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