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Coupled Systems Mechanics
  Volume 3, Number 4, December 2014, pages 329-344

Molecular dynamics studies of interaction between hydrogenand carbon nano-carriers
Yun-Che Wang, Chun-Yi Wu, Chi Chen and Ding-Shen Yang

Abstract     [Full Text]
    In this work, quantum molecular dynamics simulations (QMD) are preformed to study the hydrogen molecules in three types of carbon nanostructures, C60 fullerene, (5,5) and (9,0) carbon nanotubes and graphene layers. Interactions between hydrogen and the nanostructures is of importance to understand hydrogen storage for the development of hydrogen economy. The QMD method overcomes the difficulties with empirical interatomic potentials to model the interaction among hydrogen and carbon atoms in the confined geometry. In QMD, the interatomic forces are calculated by solving the Schrodinger\'s equation with the density functional theory (DFT) formulation, and the positions of the atomic nucleus are calculated with the Newton\'s second law in accordance with the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. It is found that the number of hydrogen atoms that is less than 58 can be stored in the C60 fullerene. With larger carbon fullerenes, more hydrogen may be stored. For hydrogen molecules passing though the fullerene, a particular orientation is required to obtain least energy barrier. For carbon nanotubes and graphene, adsorption may adhere hydrogen atoms to carbon atoms. In addition, hydrogen molecules can also be stored inside the nanotubes or between the adjacent layers in graphite, multi-layer graphene.
Key Words
    quantum molecular dynamics simulation; hydrogen; carbon; fullerene; nanotube; graphene
Yun-Che Wang, Chun-Yi Wu, Chi Chen and Ding-Shen Yang: Department of Civil Engineering, National Cheng Kung University Tainan 70101, Taiwan

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