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  Volume 1, Number 1, June 2019 , pages 33-48

Damage identification in structural elements through curvature mode shapes and nonlinear energy operator
T. Jothi Saravanan, N. Gopalakrishnan and B. Karthick Hari

    Damage detection in structural elements using curvature mode shape technique has become a research focus of increasing interest during the last few years. A noticeable deficiency of curvature mode shape, however, is its susceptibility to measurement noise, easily impairing its advantage of sensitivity to damage. To overcome this drawback, a nonlinear operator called Teager Energy Operator (TEO) is incorporated. The efficacy of TEO is analytically verified through modal curvatures in a steel reinforced concrete cantilever beam with an induced damage (stiffness loss) along its length. The applicability of the proposed curvature mode shape technique is experimentally validated for detecting simulated damage (mass attached) in an aluminum plate from mode shapes acquired by a non-contact Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometer (SLDV). Normal responses (out of plane flexure response) are measured with SLDV. The excitation is given with the help of a data-physics exciter based on the frequencies obtained from the free vibration tests using a roving hammer attached with a forced transducer. The proposed algorithm is to compute a robust nonlinear operator - TEO using the attained curvature, dynamic rotation and displacement mode shapes. This algorithm has been successfully implemented and tested for detecting damages on beam and plate elements, using finite element simulations as well as laboratory experiments. It is anticipated that the suggested approach facilitates damage localization in a comparatively fast and accurate manner.
Key Words
    damage detection; health monitoring; curvature mode shape; energy operator; scanning laser vibrometer; beam/plate elements
T. Jothi Saravanan: Institute of Advanced Sciences, Yokohama National University, Kanagawa- 2408501, Japan
N. Gopalakrishnan: CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee- 247667, India
B. Karthick Hari: Department of Civil Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani-333031, India

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