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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 6, Number 1, February 2009 , pages 41-57
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/cac.2009.6.1.041
 


Experimental, numerical and analytical studies on a novel external prestressing technique for concrete structural components
N. Lakshmanan, S. Saibabu, A. Rama Chandra Murthy, S. Chitra Ganapathi, R. Jayaraman and R. Senthil

 
Abstract
    This paper presents the details of a novel external prestressing technique for strengthening of concrete members. In the proposed technique, transfer of external force is in shear mode on the end block thus creating a complex stress distribution and the required transverse prestressing force is lesser compared to conventional techniques. Steel brackets are provided on either side of the end block for transferring external prestressing force and these are connected to the anchor blocks by expansion type anchor bolts. In order to validate the technique, an experimental investigation has been carried out on post-tensioned end blocks. Performance of the end blocks have been studied for design, cracking and ultimate loads. Slip and slope of steel bracket have been recorded at various stages during the experiment. Finite element analysis has been carried out by simulating the test conditions and the responses have been compared. From the analysis, it has been observed that the computed slope and slip of the steel bracket are in good agreement with the corresponding experimental observations. A simplified analytical model has been proposed to compute load-deformation of the loaded steel bracket with respect to the end block. Yield and ultimate loads have been arrived at based on force/moment equilibrium equations at critical sections. Deformation analysis has been carried out based on the assumption that the ratio of axial deformation to vertical deformation of anchor bolt would follow the same ratio at the corresponding forces such as yield and ultimate. It is observed that the computed forces, slip and slopes are in good agreement with the corresponding experimental observations.
 
Key Words
    prestressed concrete; external prestressing; finite element analysis; analytical model; material nonlinearity; slope; slip.
 
Address
N. Lakshmanan, S. Saibabu, A. Rama Chandra Murthy, S. Chitra Ganapathi and R. Jayaraman: SERC, CSIR, CSIR Campus, Taramani, Chennai, 600-113, India
R. Senthil: Structural Engineering Department, Anna University, Chennai-34, India
 

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