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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 4, Number 5, October 2007 , pages 377-402

Simulations of spacing of localized zones in reinforced concrete beams using elasto-plasticity and damage mechanics with non-local softening
I. Marzec, J. Bobinski and J. Tejchman

    The paper presents quasi-static plane strain FE-simulations of strain localization in reinforced concrete beams without stirrups. The material was modeled with two different isotropic continuum crack models: an elasto-plastic and a damage one. In case of elasto-plasticity, linear Drucker-Prager criterion with a non-associated flow rule was defined in the compressive regime and a Rankine criterion with an associated flow rule was adopted in the tensile regime. In the case of a damage model, the degradation of the material due to micro-cracking was described with a single scalar damage parameter. To ensure the mesh-independence and to capture size effects, both criteria were enhanced in a softening regime by nonlocal terms. Thus, a characteristic length of micro-structure was included. The effect of a characteristic length, reinforcement ratio, bond-slip stiffness, fracture energy and beam size on strain localization was investigated. The numerical results with reinforced concrete beams were quantitatively compared with corresponding laboratory tests by Walraven (1978).
Key Words
    bond-slip; concrete; characteristic length; damage mechanics; elasto-plasticity; nonlocal theory; reinforcement; strain localization.
I. Marzec, J. Bobinski and J. Tejchman; Gdansk University of Technology Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering 80-952 Gdansk, Poland

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