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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 3, Number 5, October 2006 , pages 285-299

Dynamic behaviour of stiffened and damaged coupled shear walls
S. A. Meftah, A. Tounsi and E. A. Adda-Bedia

    The free vibration of stiffened and damaged coupled shear walls is investigated using the mixed finite element method. The anisotropic damage model is adopted to describe the damage extent of the reinforced concrete shear wall element. The internal energy of a locally damaged shear wall element is derived. Polynomial shape functions established by Kwan are used to present the component of displacements vector on each point within the wall element. The principle of virtual work is employed to deduce the stiffness matrix of a damaged shear wall element. The stiffened system is reinforced by an additional stiffening beam at some level of the structure. This induces additional axial forces, and thus reduces the bending moments in the walls and the lateral deflection, and increases the natural frequencies. The effects of the damage extent and the stiffening beam on the free vibration characteristics of the structure are studied. The optimal location of the stiffening beam for increasing as far as possible the first natural frequency of vibration is presented.
Key Words
    free vibration; damaged reinforced concrete structures; coupled shear wall; finite element method.
Laboratoire des Materiaux et Hydrologie, Universitade Sidi Bel Abbes, BP 89 Cite Ben M\'hidi 22000 Sidi Bel Abbes, Algerie

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