Techno Press
You logged in as Techno Press

Computers and Concrete
  Volume 28, Number 2, August 2021 , pages 221-232

Efficient soft computing techniques for the prediction of compressive strength of geopolymer concrete
Rahul Biswas, Abidhan Bardhan, Pijush Samui, Baboo Rai, Subrata Nayak and Danial Jahed Armaghani

    In the recent year, extensive researches have been done on fly ash-based geopolymer concrete for its similar properties like Portland cement as well as its environmental sustainability. However, it is difficult to provide a consistent method for geopolymer mix design because of the complexity and uncertainty of its design parameters, such as the alkaline solution concentration, mole ratio, and liquid to fly ash mass ratio. These mix-design parameters, along with the curing time and temperature ominously affect the most significant properties of the geopolymer concrete, i.e., compressive strength. To overcome these difficulties, the paper aims to provide a simple mix-design tool using artificial intelligence (AI) models. Three well-established and efficient AI techniques namely, genetic programming, relevance vector machine, and Gaussian process regression are used. Based on the performance of the developed models, it is understood that all the models have the capability to deliver higher prediction accuracies in the range of 0.9362 to 0.9905 (based on R2 value). Among the employed models, RVM outperformed the other model with R2=0.9905 and RMSE=0.0218. Theodore, the developed RVM model is very potential to be a new alternative to assist engineers to save time and expenditure on account of the trial-and-error process in finding the correct design mix proportions.
Key Words
    fly ash concrete; Gaussian process regression; genetic programming; relevance vector machine
Rahul Biswas: Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Sikkim, India
Abidhan Bardhan, Pijush Samui, Baboo Rai: Department of Civil Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Patna, India
Subrata Nayak: Structural Engineering, ZURU, Tech, India
Danial Jahed Armaghani: Department of Urban Planning, Engineering Networks and Systems, Institute of Architecture and Construction, South Ural State University, 76, Lenin Prospect, Chelyabinsk 454080, Russia

Techno-Press: Publishers of international journals and conference proceedings.       Copyright © 2023 Techno Press
P.O. Box 33, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-600 Korea, Tel: +82-42-828-7996, Fax : +82-42-828-7997, Email: