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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 26, Number 3, September 2020, pages 227-237

Determination of plastic concrete behavior at different strain rates to determine Cowper-Symonds constant for numerical modeling
Reza Nateghi, Kamran Goshtasbi and Hamid Reza Nejati

    Strain rate investigations are needed to calibrate strain-rate-dependent material models and numerical codes. An appropriate material model, which considers the rate effects, need to be used for proper numerical modeling. The plastic concrete cut-off wall is a special underground structure that acts as a barrier to stop or reduce the groundwater flow. These structures might be subjected to different dynamic loads, especially earthquake. Deformability of a structure subjected to dynamic loads is a principal issue which need to be undertaken during the design phase of these structures. The characterization of plastic concrete behavior under different strain rates is essential for proper designing of cut-off walls subjected to dynamic loads. The Cowper-Symonds model, as one of the most commonly applied material models, complies well with the behavior of a plastic concretes in low to moderate strain rates and will be useful in explicit dynamics simulations. This paper aims to present the results of an experimental study on mechanical responses of one of the most useful types of plastic concrete and Cowper- Symonds constant determination procedures in a wide range of strain rate from 0.0005 to 107 (1/s). For this purpose, SHPB, uniaxial, and triaxial compression tests were done on plastic concrete samples. Based on the results of quasi-static and dynamic tests, the dynamic increase factors (DIF) of this material in different strain rates and stress state conditions were determined for calibration of the Cowper - Symonds material models.
Key Words
    Cowper-Symonds model; plastic concrete; dynamic test; DIF; strain rate
Reza Nateghi, Kamran Goshtasbi and Hamid Reza Nejati: Faculty of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Jalal AleAhmad Nasr, Tehran, P.O. Box: 14115-111, Iran

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