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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 25, Number 2, February 2020 , pages 119-132
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/cac.2020.25.2.119
 


Regression and ANN models for durability and mechanical characteristics of waste ceramic powder high performance sustainable concrete
Babak Behforouz, Parham Memarzadeh, Mohammadreza Eftekhar and Farshid Fathi

 
Abstract
    There is a growing interest in the use of by-product materials such as ceramics as alternative materials in construction. The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanical properties and durability of sustainable concrete containing waste ceramic powder (WCP), and to predict the results using artificial neural network (ANN). In this order, different water to binder (W/B) ratios of 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5 were considered, and in each W/B ratio, a percentage of cement (between 5-50%) was replaced with WCP. Compressive and tensile strengths, water absorption, electrical resistivity and rapid chloride permeability (RCP) of the concrete specimens having WCP were evaluated by related experimental tests. The results showed that by replacing 20% of the cement by WCP, the concrete achieves compressive and tensile strengths, more than 95% of those of the control concrete, in the long term. This percentage increases with decreasing W/B ratio. In general, by increasing the percentage of WCP replacement, all durability parameters are significantly improved. In order to validate and suggest a suitable tool for predicting the characteristics of the concrete, ANN model along with various multivariate regression methods were applied. The comparison of the proposed ANN with the regression methods indicates good accuracy of the developed ANN in predicting the mechanical properties and durability of this type of concrete. According to the results, the accuracy of ANN model for estimating the durability parameters did not significantly follow the number of hidden nodes.
 
Key Words
    high performance sustainable concrete; waste ceramic powder; mechanical properties; durability; ANN
 
Address
Babak Behforouz, Parham Memarzadeh, Farshid Fathi: Department of Civil Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
Mohammadreza Eftekhar: Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology (IUT), Isfahan, Iran
 

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