Techno Press


Computers and Concrete   Volume 22, Number 2, August 2018, pages 153-159
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/cac.2018.22.2.153
 
Effect of accelerators with waste material on the properties of cement paste and mortar
Kiran Devi, Babita Saini and Paratibha Aggarwal

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    Accelerators are used to speed up the construction by accelerating the setting time which helps in early removal of formwork thus leading to faster construction rate. Admixtures are used in mortar and concrete during or after mixing to improve certain properties of material which cannot be achieved in conventional cement mortar and concrete. The various industrial by products make nuisance and are hazardous to ecosystem as well. These wastes can be used in the construction industries to reduce the consumption of cement/aggregates, cost; and save the energy and environment by utilising waste and eliminate their disposal problem as well. The effect of calcium nitrate and triethanolamine (TEA) as accelerators and marble powder (MP) as waste material on the various properties of cement paste and mortar has been studied in the present work. The replacement ratio of MP was 0-10% @ 2.5% by weight of cement. The addition of calcium nitrate was 0% and 1%; and variation of addition of TEA was 0-0.1@ 0.025% and 0.1-1.0@ 0.1% by weight of cement. On the basis of setting time, some mix proportions were selected and further investigated. Setting time and soundness of cement paste; compressive strength and microstructure of mortar mix of selected mix proportions were studied experimentally at 3, 7 and 28 days aging. Results showed that use of MP, calcium nitrate, TEA and their combination reduced setting time of cement paste for all the mixes. Addition of calcium nitrate increased the compressive strength at all curing ages while MP and TEA decreased the compressive strength. The mechanism of additives was discussed through scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis of the specimens.
 
Key Words
    calcium nitrate; marble powder; TEA; setting time; compressive strength; SEM; EDS analysis
 
Address
Kiran Devi, Babita Saini and Paratibha Aggarwal: Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana-136119, India
 

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