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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 21, Number 3, March 2018 , pages 321-333
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/cac.2018.21.3.321
 


Punching shear behavior of recycled aggregate concrete
Saikat Dan, Manpreet Chaudhary, Sudhirkumar V. Barai

 
Abstract
    Flat-slabs, being a significant structural component, not only reduce the dead load of the structure but also reduce the amount of concrete required for construction. Moreover the use of recycled aggregates lowers the impact of large scale construction to nearby ecosystems. Recycled aggregate based concrete being a quasi-brittle material shows enormous cracking during failure. Crack growth in flat-slabs is mostly in sliding mode (Mode II). Therefore sufficient sections need to be provided for resistance against such failure modes. The main objective of the paper is to numerically determine the ultimate load carrying capacity of two self-similar flat-slab specimens and validate the results experimentally for the natural aggregate as well as recycled aggregate based concrete. Punching shear experiments are carried out on circular flat-slab specimen on a rigid circular knife-edge support built out of both normal (NAC) and recycled aggregate concrete (RAC, with full replacement). Uniaxial compression and bending tests have been conducted on cubes, cylinders and prisms using both types of concrete (NAC and RAC) for its material characterization and use in the numerical scheme. The numerical simulations have been conducted in ABAQUS (a known finite element software package). Eight noded solid elements have been used to model the flat slab and material properties have been considered from experimental tests. The inbuilt Concrete Damaged Plasticity model of ABAQUS has been used to monitor crack propagation in the specimen during numerical simulations.
 
Key Words
    punching shear; flat slabs; Mode II crack propagation; recycled aggregate concrete
 
Address
Saikat Dan, Manpreet Chaudhary, Sudhirkumar V. Barai: Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
 

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