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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 2, Number 5, October 2005, pages 367-380

Cyclic load testing and numerical modeling of concrete columns with substandard seismic details
Mohammad S. Marefat, Mohammad Khanmohammadi,rnMohammad K. Bahrani and Ali Goli

Abstract     [Full Text]
    Recent earthquakes have shown that many of existing buildings in Iran sustain heavy damage due to defective seismic details. To assess vulnerability of one common type of buildings, which consists of low rise framed concrete structures, three defective and three standard columns have been tested under reversed cyclic load. The substandard specimens suffered in average 37% loss of strength and 45% loss of energy dissipation capacity relative to standard specimens, and this was mainly due to less lateral and longitudinal reinforcement and insufficient sectional dimensions. A relationship has been developed to introduce variation of plastic length under increasing displacement amplitude. At ultimate state, the length of plastic hinge is almost equal to full depth of section. Using calibrated hysteresis models, the response of different specimens under two earthquakes has been analyzed. The analysis indicated that the ratio between displacement demand and capacity of standard specimens is about unity and that of deficient ones is about 1.7.
Key Words
    reinforced concrete column; defective seismic details; cyclic load test; plastic hinge length; numerical modeling.
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, PO. Box 11365-4563, Iran

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