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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 19, Number 6, June 2017 , pages 725-736
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/cac.2017.19.6.725
 


Evaluation of multi-lane transverse reduction factor under random vehicle load
Xiaoyan Yang, Jinxin Gong, Bohan Xu and Jichao Zhu

 
Abstract
    This paper presents the two-, three-, and four-lane transverse reduction factor based on FEA method, probability theory, and the recently actual traffic flow data. A total of 72 composite girder bridges with various spans, number of lanes, loading mode, and bridge type are analyzed with time-varying static load FEA method by ANSYS, and the probability models of vehicle load effects at arbitrary-time point are developed. Based on these probability models, in accordance to the principle of the same exceeding probability, the multi-lane transverse reduction factor of these composite girder bridges and the relationship between the multi-lane transverse reduction factor and the span of bridge are determined. Finally, the multi-lane transverse reduction factor obtained is compared with those from AASHTO LRFD, BS5400, JTG D60 or Eurocode. The results show that the vehicle load effect at arbitrary-time point follows lognormal distribution. The two-, three-, and four-lane transverse reduction factors calculated by using FEA method and probability respectively range between 0.781 and 1.027, 0.616 and 0.795, 0.468 and 0.645. Furthermore, a correlation between the FEA and AASHTO LRFD, BS5400, JTG D60 or Eurocode transverse reduction factors is made for composite girder bridges. For the two-, three-, and four-lane bridge cases, the Eurocode code underestimated the FEA transverse reduction factors by 27%, 25% and 13%, respectively. This underestimation is more pronounced in short-span bridges. The AASHTO LRFD, BS5400 and JTG D60 codes overestimated the FEA transverse reduction factors. The FEA results highlight the importance of considering span length in determining the multi-lane transverse reduction factors when designing two-lane or more composite girder bridges. This paper will assist bridge engineers in quantifying the adjustment factors used in analyzing and designing multi-lane composite girder bridges.
 
Key Words
    highway bridge; transverse reduction factor; composite girders bridge; random vehicle load; probabilistic model
 
Address
Xiaoyan Yang, Jinxin Gong and Bohan Xu: Department of Civil Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116023, Liaoning, China
Jichao Zhu: School of Civil Safety Engineering, Dalian Jiaotong University of Technology, 116028, Dalian, China
 

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