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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 18, Number 6, December 2016, pages 1083-1096
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/cac.2016.18.6.1083
 


Finite element development of a Beam-column connection with CFRP sheets subjected to monotonic and cyclic loading
Arash Rahimipour, Farzad Hejazi, Ramin Vaghei and Mohd Saleh Jaafar

 
Abstract
    Beam–column joints are recognized as the weak points of reinforcement concrete frames. The ductility of reinforced concrete (RC) frames during severe earthquakes can be measured through the dissipation of large energy in beam–column joint. Retrofitting and rehabilitating structures through proper methods, such as carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP), are required to prevent casualties that result from the collapse of earthquake-damaged structures. The main challenge of this issue is identifying the effect of CFRP on the occurrence of failure in the joint of a cross section with normal ductility. The present study evaluates the retrofitting method for a normal ductile beam–column joint using CFRP under monotonic and cyclic loads. Thus, the finite element model of a cross section with normal ductility and made of RC is developed, and CFRP is used to retrofit the joints. This study considers three beam–column joints: one with partial CFRP wrapping, one with full CFRP wrapping, and one with normal ductility. The two cases with partial and full CFRP wrapping in the beam–column joints are used to determine the effect of retrofitting with CFRP wrapping sheets on the behavior of the beam–column joint confined by such sheets. All the models are subjected to monotonic and cyclic loading. The final capacity and hysteretic results of the dynamic analysis are investigated. A comparison of the dissipation energy graphs of the three connections shows significant enhancement in the models with partial and full CFRP wrapping. An analysis of the load-displacement curves indicates that the stiffness of the specimens is enhanced by CFRP sheets. However, the models with both partial and full CFRP wrapping exhibited no considerable improvement in terms of energy dissipation and stiffness.
 
Key Words
    Beam-column connection; interior RC joint; earthquake; plastic hinge; CFRP sheet; retrofitting
 
Address
Arash Rahimipour, Farzad Hejazi, Ramin Vaghei and Mohd Saleh Jaafar: Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Farzad Hejazi and Mohd Saleh Jaafar: Housing Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
 

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