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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 17, Number 4, April 2016, pages 435-453

Optimum design of RC shallow tunnels in earthquake zones using artificial bee colony and genetic algorithms
Hasan Tahsin Öztürk, Erdem Türkeli and Ahmet Durmuş

    The main purpose of this study is to perform optimum cost design of cut and cover RC shallow tunnels using Artificial bee colony and genetic algorithms. For this purpose, mathematical expressions of objective function, design variables and constraints for the design of cut and cover RC shallow tunnels were determined. By using these expressions, optimum cost design of the Trabzon Kalekap
Key Words
    optimization; shallow tunnels; genetic algorithm; artificial bee colony algorithm
Hasan Tahsin Öztürk: Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Trabzon, Turkey
Erdem Türkeli: Provincial Organization of Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, Ordu, Turkey
Ahmet Durmuş: Nuh Naci Yazgan University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Kayseri, Turkey

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