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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 11, Number 2, February 2013 , pages 149-167
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/cac.2013.11.2.149
 


Stress-strain behavior and toughness of high-performance steel fiber reinforced concrete in compression
P. Ramadoss and K. Nagamani

 
Abstract
    The complete stress-strain behavior of steel fiber reinforced concrete in compression is needed for the analysis and design of structures. An experimental investigation was carried out to generate the complete stress-strain curve of high-performance steel fiber reinforced concrete (HPSFRC) with a strength range of 52–80 MPa. The variation in concrete strength was achieved by varying the water-to-cementitious materials ratio of 0.40-0.25 and steel fiber content (Vf = 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% with l/d = 80 and 55) in terms of fiber reinforcing parameter, at 10% silica fume replacement. The effects of these parameters on the shape of stress-strain curves are presented. Based on the test data, a simple model is proposed to generate the complete stress-strain relationship for HPSFRC. The proposed model has been found to give good correlation with the stress-strain curves generated experimentally. Inclusion of fibers into HPC improved the ductility considerably. Equations to quantify the effect of fibers on compressive strength, strain at peak stress and toughness of concrete in terms of fiber reinforcing index are also proposed, which predicted the test data quite accurately. Compressive strength prediction model was validated with the strength data of earlier researchers with an absolute variation of 2.1%.
 
Key Words
    compressive strength; high-performance concrete; crimped steel fiber; fiber reinforcing index; stress-strain curve; toughness; modeling
 
Address
P. Ramadoss: Department of Civil Engineering, Pondicherry Engineering College, Puducherry-605014, India; K. Nagamani: Structural Engineering Division, Anna University, Chennai-600 025, India
 

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