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Computers and Concrete
  Volume 10, Number 4, October 2012, pages 361-377
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/cac.2012.10.4.361
 


Investigation of the shear behaviour of multi-story reinforced concrete walls with eccentric openings
Rafik Taleb, Hakim Bechtoula, Masanubo Sakashita, Noureddine Bourahla and Susumu Kono

 
Abstract
    Four Reinforced Concrete (RC) single span structural walls having various opening sizes and locations were constructed and tested under lateral reversed cyclic loading at the structural laboratory of Kyoto University. These specimens were scaled to 40% and represented the lower three stories of a sixstoried RC building. The main purposes of the experimental tests were to evaluate the shear behavior and to identify the influence of opening ratios on the cracks distribution and shear strength of RC structural walls. The shear strength of the specimens was estimated by combining the shear strength of structural wall without openings and the reduction factor that takes into account the openings. Experimental and analytical results showed that the shear strength was different depending on the loading direction due to opening locations. A two-dimensional finite element analysis was carried out to simulate the performance of the tested specimens. The constructed finite elements model simulated the lateral load-drift angle relations quite well.
 
Key Words
    multi-story RC walls; eccentric openings; static test; shear behaviour; nonlinear FEM analysis.
 
Address
Rafik Taleb: National Center for Applied Research in Earthquake Engineering (CGS) Rue Kaddour RAHIM, BP 252, Hussein-Dey, Algiers, Algeria; Departement of Civil Engineering, Saad Dahleb Blida University, Blida, Algeria; Hakim Bechtoula: National Center for Applied Research in Earthquake Engineering (CGS) Rue Kaddour RAHIM, BP 252, Hussein-Dey, Algiers, Algeria; Masanubo Sakashita and Susumu Kono: Departement of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 6158540, Japan; Noureddine Bourahla: Departement of Civil Engineering, Saad Dahleb Blida University, Blida, Algeria
 

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