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Advances in Nano Research
  Volume 7, Number 4, July 2019 , pages 241-248

Streptomycin-anionic linear globular dendrimer G2: Novel antibacterial and anticancer agent
Sahar Javadi and Mehdi Shafiee Ardestani

    Recent researches demonstrated well promising anticancer activities for antibiotics. Such effects would be significantly increased while nanoparticle based delivery systems were applied. In this study, the goal was aim to improve anticancer and antitoxic effects of Streptomycin by loading on special kind of dendrimer (anionic-linear-globular second generation). In the current study, Size and zeta potential as well as AFM techniques have been used to prove the fact that the loading was performed correctly. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) of the drug loaded on dendrimer nanoparticle were determined and compared with both of dendrimer alone and free drug with respect to staphylococcus aureus as the test microorganism. The anticancer activity among three groups including Streptomycin, Streptomycin –G2 dendrimer, and control was measured in vitro. In vitro studies showed that G2 anionic linear-globular polyethylene-glycol-based dendrimer, which loaded on Streptomycin was able to significantly improve the treatment efficacy over clinical Streptomycin alone with respect to proliferation assay. Maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated to be 257 μg/mL for streptomycin alone and 55 μg/mL for Streptomycin – G2 dendrimer. In addition, Streptomycin –G2 dendrimer conjugate prevented the growth of MCF-7 cancerous cells in addition to enhance the number of apoptotic and necrotic cells as demonstrated by an annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate assay. Streptomycin –G2 dendrimer conjugate was able to increase Bcl-2/Bax ratio in a large scale compared with the control group and Streptomycin alone. Based on results a new drug formulation based nano-particulate was improved against S. aureus with sustained release and enhanced antibacterial activity as well as anticancer activity shown for functional cancer treatment with low side effects.
Key Words
    antibacterial activity; anticancer; streptomycin; breast cancer; staphylococcus aureus
(1) Sahar Javadi, Mehdi Shafiee Ardestani:
Department of Radiopharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran;
(2) Sahar Javadi:
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Sciences, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran.

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