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Advances in Nano Research
  Volume 7, Number 1, January 2019, pages 13-24

Indium doping induced defect structure evolution and photocatalytic activity of hydrothermally grown small SnO2 nanoparticles
Raúl Sánchez Zeferino, Umapada Pal, Ma Eunice De Anda Reues and Efraín Rubio Rosas

Abstract     [Full Text]
    Well-crystalline SnO2 nanoparticles of 4-5 nm size with different In contents were synthesized by hydrothermal process at relatively low temperature and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), microRaman spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Indium incorporation in SnO2 lattice is seen to cause a lattice expansion, increasing the average size of the nanoparticles. The fundamental phonon vibration modes of SnO2 lattice suffer a broadening, and surface modes associated to particle size shift gradually with the increase of In content. Incorporation of In drastically enhances the PL emission of SnO2 nanoparticles associated to deep electronic defect levels. Although In incorporation reduces the band gap energy of SnO2 crystallites only marginally, it affects drastically their dye degradation behaviors under UV illumination. While the UV degradation of methylene blue (MB) by undoped SnO2 nanoparticles occurs through the production of intermediate byproducts such as azure A, azure B, and azure C, direct mineralization of MB takes place for In-doped SnO2 nanoparticles.
Key Words
    tin oxide nanoparticle; indium doping; defect structure; photocatalysis
(1) Raúl Sánchez Zeferino:
Departamento de Física, Universidad de Sonora, C.P. 8300, Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico;
(2) Umapada Pal, Ma Eunice De Anda Reues:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Apdo. Postal J-48, Puebla, 72570 Mexico;
(3) Efraín Rubio Rosas:
Centro Universitario de Vinculación y Transferencia de Tecnología, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, 24 sur y Av. San Claudio, Col. San Manuel, Puebla, Pue. 72570, Mexico.

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