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Advances in Nano Research
  Volume 6, Number 4, December 2018, pages 299-321

A layerwise theory for buckling analysis of truncated conical shells reinforced by CNTs and carbon fibers integrated with piezoelectric layers in hygrothermal environment
Mohammad Hadi Hajmohammad, Mohammad Sharif Zarei, Ahmad Farrokhian and Reza Kolahchi

    A layerwise shear deformation theory is applied in this paper for buckling analysis of piezoelectric truncated conical shell. The core is a multiphase nanocomposite reinforced by carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon fibers. The top and bottom face sheets are piezoelectric subjected to 3D electric field and external voltage. The Halpin-Tsai model is used for obtaining the effective moisture and temperature dependent material properties of the core. The proposed layerwise theory is based on Mindlin's first-order shear deformation theory in each layer and results for a laminated truncated conical shell with three layers considering the continuity boundary condition. Applying energy method, the coupled motion equations are derived and analyzed using differential quadrature method (DQM) for different boundary conditions. The influences of some parameters such as boundary conditions, CNTs weight percent, cone semi vertex angle, geometrical parameters, moisture and temperature changes and external voltage are investigated on the buckling load of the smart structure. The results show that enhancing the CNTs weight percent, the buckling load increases. Furthermore, increasing the moisture and temperature changes decreases the buckling load.
Key Words
    buckling; piezoelectric truncated conical shells; multiphase nanocomposite; layerwise theory; hygrothermal load
(1) Mohammad Hadi Hajmohammad, Ahmad Farrokhian:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran;
(2) Mohammad Sharif Zarei:
Faculty of Engineering, Ayatollah Boroujerdi University, Boroujerd, Iran;
(3) Reza Kolahchi:
Department of Civil Engineering, Meymeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Meymeh, Iran.

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