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Advances in Nano Research
  Volume 4, Number 3, September 2016, pages 181-195
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/anr.2016.4.3.181
 

Nano-Silica effect on the physicomechanical properties of geopolymer composites
H.M. Khater

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    Addition of nano-SiO2 (NS) to geopolymer composites has been studied through measurement of compressive strengths, FTIR and XRD analysis. Alumino-silicate materials are coarse aggregate included waste concrete and demolished walls with its cementing binder, cement kiln dust (CKD) used and can possess a pronouncing activation for the geopolymer reaction resulting from the high alkali contents within. Materials prepared at water/binder ratios in a range of 0.30: 0.40 under curing of 40oC and 100% Relative Humidity (R.H.), while the used activator is sodium hydroxide in the ratio of 2 wt. %. First, CKD is added in the ratio from 10 up to 50 wt., %, and the demolished walls was varied depending on the used CKD content, while using constant ratio of waste concrete (40 wt., %). Second step, depending on the optimum CKD ratio resulted from the first one (40 wt. %), so the control geopolymer mix composed of cement kiln dust, demolished walls and waste concrete in the ratio (40:20:40, wt %). Nano-silica partially replaced waste concrete by 1 up to 8%. Results indicated that, compressive strengths of geopolymer mixes incorporating nano-silica were obviously higher than those control one, especially at early ages and specially with 3%NS.
 
Key Words
    nanostructures; sol-gel growth; amorphous materials; composite materials; inorganic compounds
 
Address
H.M. Khater: Housing and Building National Research Centre (HBNRC), 87 El-Tahreer St., Dokki, Giza, P.O. Box 1770 Cairo, Egypt
 

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