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Advances in Nano Research
  Volume 10, Number 6, June 2021 , pages 517-529

The economic and management use of rhododendron petals in potas-sium-ion nano batteries anode via efficient computer simulation
Wensheng Dai, Yousef Zand, Alireza Sadighi A, Abdellatif Selmi, Angel Roco-Videla,Karzan Wakil and Alibek Issakhov

    Nano batteries are manufactured batteries which use nanoscale technology, small particles measuring less than 100 nanometers or 10-7 meters. In addition, because of plentiful potassium supplies and less cost, potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) are taken as possible substitutes for lithium-ion batteries for massive energy storing systems. Our modern lifestyle could be totally different without rechargeable batteries. Regarding their economic and management usage, these batteries are applied in electric and hybrid vehicles, devices, and renewable power generation systems. Accordingly, regarding the huge K ion radius, it is a difficult process for identifying relevant materials with excellent cycling stability and capacity. At present, the production of suitable anode materials with high specific capacities, long cycle life and low costs for PIBs remains a major challenge. Also, the continuing improvement in defining future electors, the manufacture of PIBs has been complicated by multiple challenges, namely low reversible performance, insufficient cycling stability and poor energy density, all of which have created important doubts for the effective implications of PIBs. Nano-particles have shown various advantages for enhanced energy and power density, cyclability and safety when it comes to designing and producing electrode materials via efficient computer simulation. In combination with large volume expansion, slow reaction kinetics, and low electrical conductivity the main cause for the degradation of SnO2 reaction reversibility and power decay observed are not as obvious as those of Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) as anodes of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), and potassium-ion batteries (KIBs).
Key Words
    biomass; hard carbon; potassium-ion batteries; nitrogen-doped; energy storage mechanism
Wensheng Dai: Financial School, China Financial Policy Research Center, International Monetary Institute, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China

Yousef Zand: Department of Civil Engineering,Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

Alireza Sadighi A: Ghateh Gostar Novin Company, Tabriz, Iran

Abdellatif Selmi: Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj 11942, Saudi Arabia/ Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs deTunis (ENIT), Civil Engineering Laboratory, B.P. 37, Le belvédère1002, Tunis, Tunisia

Angel Roco-Videla: Programa Magister en ciencias químico-biológicas, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Bernardo O'Higgins, Santiago-Chile/ Departamento de ingeniería Civil, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepción-Chile

Karzan Wakil: Department of Computer, College of Science, University of Halabja, Halabja 46018, Kurdistan Region, Iraq/ Research Center, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani 46001, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Alibek Issakhov: Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan/ Kazakh-British Technical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan


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