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Advances in Nano Research
  Volume 1, Number 3, September 2013, pages 159-169
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/anr.2013.1.3.159
 


Preparation of silica-coated gadolinium compound particle colloid solution and its application in imaging
Yoshio Kobayashi, Hikaru Morimoto, Tomohiko Nakagawa, Kohsuke Gonda and Noriaki Ohuchi

 
Abstract
    A preparation method for gadolinium compound (GdC) nanoparticles coated with silica (GdC/SiO2) is proposed. GdC nanoparticles were prepared with a homogeneous precipitation method at 80oC using 1.0x10-3 M Gd(NO3)3, 0.5 M urea and 0-3.0x10-4 M ethylenediaminetetraaceticacid disodium salt dihydrate (ETDA) in water. As a result of preparation at various EDTA concentrations, GdC nanoparticles with a size as small as 40.5+-6.2 nm, which were colloidally stable, were prepared at an EDTA concentration of 2.0x10-4 M. Silica-coating of the GdC nanoparticles was performed by a Stober method at 35oC using 1.0-10.0x10-3 M tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), 11 M H2O and 1.5x10-3 M NaOH in ethanol in the presence of 1.0x10-3 M GdC nanoparticles. Performance of preparation at various TEOS concentrations resulted in production of GdC/SiO2 particles with an average size of 106.1+-11.2 nm at a TEOS concentration of 5.0x10-3 M. The gadolinium (Gd) concentration of 1.0x10-3M in the as-prepared GdC/SiO2 particle colloid solution was increased up to a Gd concentration of 0.2 M by concentrating with centrifugation. The core-shell structure of GdC/SiO2 particles was undamaged, and the colloid solution was still colloidally stable, even after the concentrating process. The concentrated GdC/SiO2 colloid solution showed images of X-ray and magnetic resonance with contrast as high as commercial Gd complex contrast agents.
 
Key Words
    core-shell; gadolinium; homogeneous precipitation method; Stober method; X-ray imaging; MRI
 
Address
Yoshio Kobayashi, Hikaru Morimoto : Department of Biomolecular Functional Engineering, College of Engineering, Ibaraki University, 4-12-1 Naka-narusawa-cho, Hitachi, Ibaraki 316-8511, Japan
Tomohiko Nakagawa, Kohsuke Gonda and Noriaki Ohuchi : Department of Nano-Medical Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575, Japan
Noriaki Ohuchi : Department of Surgical Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8574, Japan
 

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