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Advances in Materials Research
  Volume 4, Number 1, March 2015 , pages 1-12

Microstructural engineering of dual phase steel to aid in bake hardening
M.K. Banerjee

    Low carbon steel of composition 0.05C – 0.18 Mn – 0.012 Si is intercritically annealed at temperatures 750oC, 775oC and 800oC. The equilibrated alloys of different amounts of austenite with varying carbon contents are quenched in iced water. The same alloys are subcritically annealed at 675oC and 700oC for varying periods of times; the subcritically annealed alloy samples are quenched in iced water. Optical, scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy are carried out for all the samples. The dislocation structure, its distribution and density present in the above prepared duplex ferrite martensite steels are studied. The martensites are found to be highly dislocated due to lattice invariant deformation. At the same time ferrite adjoining the martensite areas also exhibits quite a high dislocation density. The high dislocation density is favorable for strain ageing and hence bakes hardenability. EDS analyses were carried out for both martensite and ferrite phases; it is found that the degree of supersaturation in ferrite together with carbon content in martensite varies with the process parameters. The microhardness test results show that the hardness values of different phases differ appreciably with process parameters. The microstructures and the corresponding microanalyses reveal that differently processed steels contain phases of varying compositions and different distribution.
Key Words
    bake hardening; intercritical annealing; dual phase steel; martensite; Cottrell atmosphere
M.K. Banerjee: Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, MNIT Jaipur, Jaipur 302017 India

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