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Advances in Environmental Research
  Volume 9, Number 1, March 2020, pages 41-54
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/aer.2020.9.1.041
 
open access

Water quality of an Indian tributary affected by various industrial effluents- a case study
Bharti, J. S. Jangwan, Amrish Kumar and Vivek Kumar

 
Abstract
    Industrialization and urbanization are modern need and trends. Such trends affect the natural ecosystem of rivers. Indian rivers face such problems in a high ratio. The aim of this study is to investigate the cause and amount of pollution in a tributary river Krishni. Pre-monsoon sampling of Krishni river water was performed as per APHA standard. Water samples were collected from different sites of Krishni river. Physiochemical parameters as well as trace elements concentrations have been analysed and results were compared with BIS-2012, WHO-2017 and EPA-2001 recommendations. The presence of high BOD, COD, TDS and others physiochemical parameters along with heavy metals reveals that tributary is highly polluted owing to industrial and domestic discharge either directly or through drains. High values of these parameters are harmful for the ecological health of the river because it makes survival of aquatic flora and fauna at risk. On the basis of the results obtained by the present study, it was concluded that level of the pollution in river Krishni is at alarming phase, where if strong action for the rejuvenation of river not takes place, river becomes a dead pool.
 
Key Words
    Krishni river; tributary; trace metal; rejuvenation
 
Address
Bharti and J. S. Jangwan: Department of Chemistry, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Uttarakhand, India

Amrish Kumar: Department of Paper Technology, Saharanpur campus, IIT Roorkee, Saharanpur, U.P, India

Vivek Kumar: Department of Rural Development and Technology, IIT Delhi, Delhi, India
 

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