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Advances in Environmental Research
  Volume 9, Number 1, March 2020, pages 19-39
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/aer.2020.9.1.019
 
open access

Monitoring and spatio-temporal analysis of UHI effect for Mansa district of Punjab, India
Rajveer Kaur and Puneeta Pandey

 
Abstract
    Urban heat island (UHI) is one of the most important climatic implications of urbanization and thus a matter of key concern for environmentalists of the world in the twenty-first century. The relationship between climate and urbanization has been better understood with the introduction of thermal remote sensing. So, this study is an attempt to understand the influence of urbanization on local temperature for a small developing city. The study focuses on the investigation of intensity of atmospheric and surface urban heat island for a small urbanizing district of Punjab, India. Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS satellite data and field observations were used to examine the spatial pattern of surface and atmospheric UHI effect respectively, for the month of April, 2018. The satellite data has been used to cover the larger geographical area while field observations were taken for simultaneous and daily temperature measurements for different land use types. The significant influence of land use/land cover (LULC) patterns on UHI effect was analyzed using normalized built-up and vegetation indices (NDBI, NDVI) that were derived from remote sensing satellite data. The statistical analysis carried out for land surface temperature (LST) and LULC indicators displayed negative correlation for LST and NDVI while NDBI and LST exhibited positive correlation depicting attenuation in UHI effect by abundant vegetation. The comparison of remote sensing and in-situ observations were also carried out in the study. The research concluded in finding both nocturnal and daytime UHI effect based on diurnal air temperature observations. The study recommends the urgent need to explore and impose effective UHI mitigation measures for the sustainable urban growth.
 
Key Words
    urban heat island (UHI); land surface temperature; remote sensing; NDVI; NDBI
 
Address
Rajveer Kaur and Puneeta Pandey: Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, Punjab-151001, India
 

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