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Advances in Environmental Research   Volume 4, Number 3, September 2015, pages 173-181
Simultaneous water and energy saving of wet cooling towers, modeling for a sample building
Abtin Ataei, Jun-Ki Choi, Zeinab Hamidzadeh and Navid Bagheri

Abstract     [Buy Article]
    This article outlines a case study of water and energy savings in a typical building through a modelling process and analysis of simultaneous water-energy saving measures. Wet cooling towers are one of the most important equipments in buildings with a considerable amount of water and energy consumption. A variety of methods are provided to reduce water and energy consumption in these facilities. In this paper, thorough the modeling of a typical building, water and energy consumption are measured. Then, After application of modern methods known to be effective in saving water and energy, including the ozone treatment for cooling towers and shade installation for windows, i.e. fins and overhangs, the amount of water and energy saving are compared with the base case using the Simergy model. The annual water consumption of the building, by more than 50% reduction, has been reached to 500 cubic meters from 1024 cubic meters. The annual electric energy consumption has been decreased from 405,178 kWh to 340,944 kWh, which is about 16%. After modeling, monthly peak of electrical energy consumption of 49,428 has dropped to 40,562 kWh. The reduction of 18% in the monthly peak can largely reduce the expenses of electricity consumption at peak.
Key Words
    water and energy saving; water and energy modeling; wet cooling towers; Simergy model
(1) Abtin Ataei, Zeinab Hamidzadeh, Navid Bagheri:
Department of Energy Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran;
(2) Abtin Ataei, Jun-Ki Choi:
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio, USA.

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