Techno Press
Techno Press

Advances in Environmental Research   Volume 2, Number 3, September 2013, pages 203-227
Impact of future climate change on UK building performance
Joseph Amoako-Attah and Ali B-Jahromi

Abstract     [Full Text]
    Global demand for dwelling energy and implications of changing climatic conditions on buildings confront the built environment to build sustainable dwellings. This study investigates the variability of future climatic conditions on newly built detached dwellings in the UK. Series of energy modelling and simulations are performed on ten detached houses to evaluate and predict the impact of varying future climatic patterns on five building performance indicators. The study identifies and quantifies a consistent declining trend of building performance which is in consonance with current scientific knowledge of annual temperature change prediction in relations to long term climatic variation. The average percentage decrease for the annual energy consumption was predicted to be 2.80, 6.60 and 10.56 for 2020s, 2050s and 2080s time lines respectively. A similar declining trend in the case of annual natural gas consumption was 4.24, 9.98 and 16.1, and that for building emission rate and heating demand were 2.27, 5.49 and 8.72 and 7.82, 18.43 and 29.46 respectively. The study further analyse future heating and cooling demands of the three warmest months of the year and ascertain future variance in relative humidity and indoor temperature which might necessitate the use of room cooling systems to provide thermal comfort.
Key Words
    buildings; energy; performance; future weather; sustainability
Joseph Amoako-Attah and Ali B-Jahromi: University of West London, School of Computing and Technology, Dept. of the Built Environment St Mary\'s Road, Ealing, London W5 5RF, United Kingdom.

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