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  Volume 7, Number 4, October 2022 , pages 345-369
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/acd.2022.7.4.345
 

Rapid construction delivery of COVID-19 special hospital: Case study on Wuhan Huoshenshan hospital
Chen Wang, Liangcheng Yu, Mukhtar A. Kassem, Heng Li and Ziming Wang

 
Abstract
    Infectious disease emergency hospitals are usually temporarily built during the pneumonia epidemic with higher requirements regarding diagnosis and treatment efficiency, hygiene and safety, and infection control. This study aims to identify how the Building Information Modeling (BIM) + Industrialized Building System (IBS) approach could rapidly deliver an infectious disease hospital and develop site epidemic spreading algorithms. Coronavirus-19 pneumonia construction site spreading algorithm model mind map and block diagram of the construction site epidemic spreading algorithm model were developed. BIM+IBS approach could maximize the repetition of reinforced components and reduce the number of particular components. Huoshenshan Hospital adopted IBS and BIM in the construction, which reduced the workload of on-site operations and avoided later rectification. BIM+IBS integrated information on building materials, building planning, building participants, and construction machinery, and realized construction visualization control and parametric design. The delivery of Huoshenshan Hospital was during the most critical period of the Coronavirus-19 pneumonia epidemic. The development of a construction site epidemic spreading algorithm provided theoretical and numerical support for prevention. The agent-based analysis on hospital evacuation observed "arched" congestion formed at the evacuation exit, indicating behavioral blindness caused by fear in emergencies.
 
Key Words
    BIM+IBS; COVID-19 special hospital; epidemic spreading algorithms; huoshenshan hospital; rapid construction delivery
 
Address
Chen Wang, Liangcheng Yu and Ziming Wang : College of Civil Engineering, Huaqiao University, 361021, Xiamen, China

Mukhtar A. Kassem: Department of Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Built Environment & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Malaysia

Heng Li: Department of Building and Real Estate, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
 

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