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  Volume 6, Number 1, January 2021 , pages 31-42

Optimal fin planting of splayed multiple cross-sectional pin fin heat sinks using a strength pareto evolutionary algorithm 2
Sanchai Ramphueiphad and Sujin Bureerat

    This research aims to demonstrate the optimal geometrical design of splayed multiple cross-sectional pin fin heat sinks (SMCSPFHS), which are a type of side-inlet-side-outlet heat sink (SISOHS). The optimiser strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm 2 (SPEA2) is employed to explore a set of Pareto optimal solutions. Objective functions are the fan pumping power and junction temperature. Function evaluations can be accomplished using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis. Design variables include pin cross-sectional areas, the number of fins, fin pitch, thickness of heat sink base, inlet air speed, fin heights, and fin orientations with respect to the base. Design constraints are defined in such a way as to make a heat sink usable and easy to manufacture. The optimum results obtained from SPEA2 are compared with the straight pin fin design results obtained from hybrid population-based incremental learning and differential evolution (PBIL-DE), SPEA2, and an unrestricted population size evolutionary multiobjective optimisation algorithm (UPSEMOA). The results indicate that the splayed pin-fin design using SPEA2 is superior to those reported in the literature.
Key Words
    air-cooling heat sink; computational fluid dynamic simulation; strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm; multi-objective optimisation; evolutionary computation
Sanchai Ramphueiphad and Sujin Bureerat:Sustainable and Infrastructure Research and Development Center, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

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