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  Volume 4, Number 2, April 2019 (Special Issue) , pages 119-139

Spatiotemporal chronographical modeling of procurement and material flow for building projects
Adel Francis, Edmond Miresco and Erwan Le Meur

    Planning and management building projects should tackle the coordination of works and the management of limited spaces, traffic and supplies. Activities cannot be performed without the resources available and resources cannot be used beyond the capacity of workplaces. Otherwise, workspace congestion will negatively affect the flow of works. Better on-site management allows for substantial productivity improvements and cost savings. The procurement system should be able to manage a wider variety of materials and products of the required quality in order to have less stock, in less time, using less space, with less investment and avoiding multiple storage stations. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the advantages of using the Chronographic modeling, by combining spatiotemporal technical scheduling with the 4D simulations, the Last Planner System and the Takt-time when modeling the construction of building projects. This paper work toward the aforementioned goal by examining the impact that material flow has on site occupancy. The proposed spatiotemporal model promotes efficient site use, defines optimal site-occupancy and workforce-rotation rates, minimizes intermediate stocks, and ensures a suitable procurement process. This paper study the material flow on the site and consider horizontal and vertical paths, traffic flows and appropriate means of transportation to ensure fluidity and safety. This paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge by linking execution and supply to the spatial and temporal aspects. The methodology compare the performance and procurement processes for the proposed Chronographic model with the Gantt-Precedence diagram. Two examples are presented to demonstrate the benefits of the proposed model and to validate the related concepts. This validation is designed to test the model\'s graphical ability to simulate construction and procurement.
Key Words
    building; chronographic; management; modelling; precedence diagram; procurement; project; scheduling; space planning
Adel Francis, Edmond Miresco: Construction Engineering Department, École de technologie supérieure, Quebec University, 1100, Notre-Dame West, Montreal (Qc), Canada, H3C 1K3
Erwan Le Meur: École Nationale Supérieure d\'Architecture de Paris-Belleville, Université de Paris Est, 60 Boulevard de la Villette, 75019 Paris, France

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