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  Volume 2, Number 3, July 2017, pages 225-240
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/acd.2017.2.3.225
 


Prediction of unconfined compressive and Brazilian tensile strength of fiber reinforced cement stabilized fly ash mixes using multiple linear regression and artificial neural network
H. S. Chore and R.B. Magar

 
Abstract
    This paper presents the application of multiple linear regression (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN) techniques for developing the models to predict the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) and Brazilian tensile strength (BTS) of the fiber reinforced cement stabilized fly ash mixes. UCS and BTS is a highly nonlinear function of its constituents, thereby, making its modeling and prediction a difficult task. To establish relationship between the independent and dependent variables, a computational technique like ANN is employed which provides an efficient and easy approach to model the complex and nonlinear relationship. The data generated in the laboratory through systematic experimental programme for evaluating UCS and BTS of fiber reinforced cement fly ash mixes with respect to 7, 14 and 28 days\' curing is used for development of the MLR and ANN model. The data used in the models is arranged in the format of four input parameters that cover the contents of cement and fibers along with maximum dry density (MDD) and optimum moisture contents (OMC), respectively and one dependent variable as unconfined compressive as well as Brazilian tensile strength. ANN models are trained and tested for various combinations of input and output data sets. Performance of networks is checked withthe statistical error criteria of correlation coefficient (R), mean square error (MSE) and mean absolute error (MAE). It is observed that the ANN model predicts both, the unconfined compressive and Brazilian tensile, strength quite well in the form of R, RMSE and MAE. This study shows that as an alternative to classical modeling techniques, ANN approach can be used accurately for predicting the unconfined compressive strength and Brazilian tensile strength of fiber reinforced cement stabilized fly ash mixes.
 
Key Words
    artificial neural network (ANN); backpropagation algorithm; multiplelinear regression (MLR); fly ash; unconfined compressive strength (UCS); Brazilian tensile strength (BTS)
 
Address
H. S. Chore: Department of Civil Engineering, DattaMeghe College of Engineering, Sector-3, Airoli, Navi Mumbai,
400708, Maharashtra, India
R.B. Magar: Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering Technology, I. Kalsekar Technical Campus,
Panvel, 410206, India
 

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