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  Volume 1, Number 2, April 2016, pages 139-154
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/acd.2016.1.2.139
 


Ballistic impact analyses of triangular corrugated plates filled with foam core
S.K. Panigrahi and Kallola Das

 
Abstract
    The usage of sandwich structure is extensively increasing in lightweight protective structures due to its low density and other useful properties. Sandwich panels made of metal sheets with unfilled cellular cores are found to exhibit lower deflections by comparing to an equivalent monolithic plate of same metal and similar mass per unit density. However, the process of localized impact on solid structures involving plastic deformation, high strain rates, temperature effect, material erosion, etc. does not hold effectively as that of monolithic plate. In present work, the applications of the sandwich plate with corrugated core have been extended to develop optimized lightweight armour using foam as medium of its core by explicit finite element analysis (FEA). The mechanisms of hardened steel projectile penetration of aluminum corrugated sandwich panels filled with foams have been numerically investigated by finite element analysis (FEA). A comparative study is done for the triangular corrugated sandwich plate filled with polymeric foam and metallic foam with different densities in order to achieve the optimum penetration resistance to ballistic impact. Corrugated sandwich plates filled with metallic foams are found to be superior when compared to the polymeric one. The optimized results are then compared with that of equivalent solid and unfilled cores structure to observe the effectiveness of foam-filled corrugated sandwich plate which provides an effective resistance to ballistic response. The novel structure can be the alternative to solid aluminum plate in the applications of light weight protection system.
 
Key Words
    corrugated plate; explicit; FEA; foam; impact; residual velocity; sandwich
 
Address
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (Deemed University), Girinagar, Pune - 411025, India
 

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