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  Volume 1, Number 1, January 2016, pages 27-35

Formulation design of chloride-free cement additive by response surface methodology
Zi-chen Zhu and Ding-cheng Gu

    The influences of chloride-free components of the cement additive: triethanolamine, triisopropanolamine, sodium hyposulfite and calcium gluconate on the 1d, 3d and 28d compressive strength of cement were investigated by response surface methodology. It found the early strength activators, triethanolamine and sodium hyposulfite could enhance the 1d strength of cement effectively but they did not contribute to the 3d strength enhancement, and further their interaction was able to decrease the 28d strength of cement. Calcium gluconate was not that effective for the strength enhancement on 3 and 28 days when it\'s simply dosed. However the interaction effect of calcium gluconate with triisopropanolamine could strongly favor the strength enhancement of cement after 3 days. Results indicated it was necessary to focus attention on the potential interactions among the chemical components. And for the concern of four chemicals studied in this paper, it was feasible to formulated a kind of chloride-free cement additive that can be effective for the early strength of cement and its the strength after 3 days.
Key Words
    cement additive; chloride-free; interaction; strength of cement; response surface methodology
Zi-chen Zhu and Ding-cheng Gu: Changzhou Venture Capital Group Co, Ltd., 213004 Changzhou, P.R. China

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