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Advances in Concrete Construction   Volume 5, Number 1, February 2017, pages 031-48
Effect of metakaolin on the properties of conventional and self compacting concrete
S. Lenka and K.C.Panda

Abstract     [Full Text]
    Supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) have turned out to be a vital portion of extraordinary strength and performance concrete. Metakaolin (MK) is one of SCM material is acquired by calcinations of kaolinite. Universally utilised as pozzolanic material in concrete to enhance mechanical and durability properties. This study investigates the fresh and hardened properties of conventional concrete (CC) and self compacting concrete (SCC) by partially replacing cement with MK in diverse percentages. In CC and SCC, partial replacement of cement with MK varies from 5-20%. Fresh concrete properties of CC are conducted by slump test and compaction factor tests and for SCC, slump flow, T500, J-Ring, L-Box, V-Funnel and U-Box tests. Hardened concrete characteristics are investigated by compressive, split tensile and flexural strengths at age of 7, 28 and 90 days of curing under water. Carbonation depth, water absorption and density of MK based CC and SCC was also computed. Fresh concrete test results indicated that increase in MK replacement increases workability of concrete in a constant w/b ratio. Also outcomes reveal that concrete integrating MK had greater compressive, flexural and split tensile strengths. Optimum replacement level of MK for cement was 10%, which increased mechanical properties and robustness properties of concrete.
Key Words
    metakaolin (MK); conventional concrete (CC); self compacting concrete (SCC); compressive strength; flexural strength; split tensile strength
S. Lenka: Department of Civil Engineering, ITER, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
K.C.Panda:Department of Civil Engineering, ITER, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, 751030, Odisha, India

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