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Advances in Concrete Construction   Volume 4, Number 4, December 2016, pages 243-261
Experimental investigation for partial replacement of fine aggregates in concrete with sandstone
K. Ram Chandar, B.C. Gayana and V. Sainath

Abstract     [Full Text]
    This research study focuses on utilizing sandstone which is overburden waste rock in coal mines to use in concrete as a replacement of fine aggregate. Physical properties of sandstone like water absorption, moisture content, fineness modulus etc., were found to be similar to conventional fine aggregate. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis was carried out for analysing elemental composition of sandstone. There was no sulphur content in sandstone which is a good sign to carry the replacement. Fine aggregate was replaced with sandstone at 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% by volume and moulds of concrete cubes and cylinders were prepared. Compressive strength of concrete cubes was tested after 3, 7 and 28 days and split tensile & flexural strength was determined after 28 days. The strength was found to be increasing marginally with increase in sandstone content. Fine aggregate that was replaced by 100% sandstone gave highest strength among all the replacements for the compressive, split tensile and flexural strengths. Though increase in strength was marginal, still sandstone can be an effective replacement for sand in order to save the natural resource and utilize the waste sandstone.
Key Words
    coal mine overburden; waste rock; sandstone; fine aggregate; concrete; strength
K. Ram Chandar, B.C. Gayana: Department of Mining Engineering, NITK, Surathkal, India
V. Sainath: NITK, Surathkal, India

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