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Advances in Concrete Construction   Volume 2, Number 4, December 2014, pages 261-280
Seismic risk assessment of deficient reinforced concrete frames in near-fault regions
Vui Van Cao, Hamid Reza Ronagh, Hassan Baji

Abstract     [Full Text]
    In many parts of the world, reinforced concrete (RC) buildings, designed and built in accordance with older codes, have suffered severe damage or even collapse as a result of recent near-fault earthquakes. This is particularly due to the deficiencies of most of the older (and even some of the recent) codes in dealing with near fault events. In this study, a tested three-storey frame designed for gravity loads only was selected to represent those deficient buildings. Nonlinear time history analyses were performed, followed by damage assessment procedures. The results were compared with experimental observation of the same frame showing a good match. Damage and fragility analyses of the frame subjected to 204 pulse-type motions were then performed using a selected damage model and inter-storey drifts. The results showed that the frame located in near-fault regions is extremely vulnerable to ground motions. The results also showed that the damage model better captures the damage distribution in the frame than inter-storey drifts. The first storey was identified as the most fragile and the inner columns of the first storey suffered most damage as indicated by the damage index. The findings would be helpful in the decision making process prior to the strengthening of buildings in near-fault regions.
Key Words
    risk assessment; damage analysis; fragility analysis; reinforced concrete frame; near-fault earthquake
Vui Van Cao, Hamid Reza Ronagh, Hassan Baji: School of Civil Engineering, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia

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