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Advances in Concrete Construction
  Volume 11, Number 6, June 2021 , pages 507-519

The compressive strength of concrete retrofitted with wind ash and steel slag pozzolans with a water-cement based polymers
Ting Cai, Yousef Zandi, Alireza Sadighi Agdas, Abdellatif Selmi, Alibek Issakhov and Angel Roco-Videla

    Freeze and thaw phenomena in cold regions are the main cause of severe damage to concrete structures. Alkaliactivated slag repair mortars, which are introduced as a suitable material for the replacement of Portland cement, can be used as the protective coating for these damaged structures. The mechanical properties and durability of this coating layer should be studied. In this study, the mechanical properties and durability of alkali-activated slag repair mortars with silica fume (SF) participation as inorganic additives against freeze-thaw and salt scaling attacks have been investigated. In order to evaluate the effects of alkaline activators type, the ratio of these solutions to Pozzolan (Pozz), and the use of SF as a substitute base material, these three factors were considered as the main variables to produce 12 alkali-activated slag mortar mixtures. To investigate their mechanical properties, compressive strength, tensile adhesion strength, and drying shrinkage tests were conducted. Also, mortar specimen length change, compressive strength loss, weight loss, and dynamic elastic modulus were measured to evaluate the durability features against freeze-thaw and salt scaling attacks. According to the results, in addition to higher compressive strength and adhesion resistance of alkali-activated slag repair mortars, these mortars showed at least 30% better durability against freeze-thaw and salt scaling attacks than cement-based repair mortar. Also, alkali-activated slag mixtures containing potassium hydroxide, alkaline solution (AS) to Pozz ratio of 0.7, and SF had the best mechanical properties and frost resistance among all mixtures.
Key Words
    pozzolanic concrete; ash; iron slag; compressive strength; wind ash; steel slag pozzolans; water-cement based polymers
Ting Cai: School of Information Engineering, Xizang Minzu University, Xianyang, 712082, Shaanxi, China
Yousef Zandi: Department of Civil Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
Alireza Sadighi Agdas: Ghateh Gostar Novin Company, Tabriz, Iran
Abdellatif Selmi: Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al‑Kharj 11942, Saudi Arabia; Civil Engineering Laboratory, Ecole Nationale D'Ingénieurs deTunis (ENIT), B.P. 37, Lbelvédère1002, Tunis, Tunisia
Alibek Issakhov: Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan; Kazakh-British Technical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Angel Roco-Videla: Programa Magister en Ciencias Químico-Biológicas, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Bernardo O'Higgins, Santiago, Chile; Departamento de Ingeniería Civil, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepción, Chile

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